John Wayne

    Biography

    Marion Mitchell Morrison, known professionally as John Wayne and nicknamed Duke, was an American actor, filmmaker, Oscar winner and Presidential Medal of Freedom recipient. He was among the top box office draws for three decades.

    Wayne was born in Winterset, Iowa but grew up in Southern California. He lost a football scholarship to the University of Southern California as a result of a bodysurfing accident, and began working for the Fox Film Corporation. He appeared mostly in small parts, but his first leading role came in Raoul Walsh’s Western The Big Trail (1930), an early widescreen film epic which was a box-office failure. Leading roles followed in numerous B movies during the 1930s, most of them also Westerns, without becoming a major name. It was John Ford’s Stagecoach (1939) that made him a mainstream star, and he starred in 142 motion pictures altogether. According to one biographer, “John Wayne personified for millions the nation’s frontier heritage.”

    Wayne’s other roles in Westerns include a cattleman driving his herd on the Chisholm Trail in Red River (1948), a Civil War veteran whose niece is abducted by a tribe of Comanches in The Searchers (1956), a troubled rancher competing with a lawyer (James Stewart) for a woman’s hand in The Man Who Shot Liberty Valance (1962), and a cantankerous one-eyed marshal in True Grit (1969), for which he received the Academy Award for Best Actor. He is also remembered for his roles in The Quiet Man (1952), Rio Bravo (1959) with Dean Martin, and The Longest Day (1962). In his final screen performance, he starred as an aging gunfighter battling cancer in The Shootist (1976). He appeared with many important Hollywood stars of his era, and made his last public appearance at the Academy Awards ceremony on April 9, 1979.
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    Filmography

    Movie NameRelease Date
    Big Jim McLain February 25, 2024
    The Quiet Man February 25, 2024
    The Longest Day February 25, 2024
    Angel and the Badman February 25, 2024
    Rio Grande February 25, 2024
    True Grit February 25, 2024
    The Sons of Katie Elder February 25, 2024
    El Dorado February 25, 2024
    The Big Trail February 25, 2024
    Fort Apache February 25, 2024
    She Wore a Yellow Ribbon February 25, 2024
    The Shootist February 25, 2024
    The Man Who Shot Liberty Valance February 25, 2024
    Reap the Wild Wind February 25, 2024
    Rio Bravo February 25, 2024